Romanov sheep breed


The Romanov breed of sheep appeared as a result of popular selection as early as the 17th century in Russia. Its name was given at the place of breeding - Romanovo-Borisoglebsky district. It quickly spread through the territory of the USSR, and after its collapse, and throughout the world.

What are the features of the breed?

The breed is difficult to confuse with another, she has a remarkable appearance. Individuals are large (up to 70 cm at the withers) with strong bones. The weight of females - 45-55 kg, males - up to 90 kg. The body is barrel-shaped, the back is straight, the chest is wide, not strongly protruding, the stomach may slightly protrude, it is not tucked up, but it also does not hang down. The limbs are straight, muscular, and the tail is short.

The head is dry, of medium size, proportional to the body. The ears are erect, stick out to the sides. Nose with a small hump. There are individuals with and without horns.

Wool thick with a large percentage of down. The outer hair is usually black and the down is white. Together they give a metallic, dark color.

Exterior of Romanovskaya breed of sheep

An animal is obedient, but loud sounds or fuss can irritate it. In general, these are nervous creatures. Very difficult to tolerate temperature changes, drafts, cold, high humidity. Often suffer from lung diseases.

What is the breed productivity?

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Romanov sheep breed bred for meat, skins, milk and wool.

The coat of the breed is light, strong and retains heat well. It contains lanolin, which is characterized by a calming and soothing effect. Shear the animal three times a year - March, June, October. In the year from one sheep can be obtained - 3-3,5 kg, and from the female - 1.5-1.8 kg of wool. Evaluation of wool for sale undergoes a thorough inspection. Negatively evaluated product, where:

  • a lot of bristle hair, because the product from it will be heavy and coarse;
  • a lot of fluff, because when you sock wool will stray;
  • there is a transitional fiber - because it reduces the quality of wool.

Ideally, wool should have an equal amount of wool and down and not have any transition fiber at all.

In the case of breeding for meat - they do not cut the wool. With individuals, you can get 50% slaughter yield carcass. The meat is tasty, tender, but the wrong content can affect its taste.

Milk for one lactation period, you can drink up to 150 liters. But, a certain amount goes to feeding the young.

As for the skin, it is valued in various industries. Finding a buyer is not difficult, but you need to sell a good product, and therefore you need to get the hang of it in processing before you look for a permanent place of sale.

How to care and maintain Romanovs sheep?

Free grazing

The maintenance of the Romanov breed of sheep is simple on the one hand and difficult on the other. They do not need constant supervision, but for high productivity they will have to spend money on a good shed or stall.

  • If there are no severe frosts, you can justify the animal in a simple wooden or concrete room. Due to the thick hair the animal will not freeze. A litter of straw or hay is lined on the floor. But, if the climate is changeable, heavy snowfalls, rains and winds are not rare, the room needs to be reliably strengthened, a high-quality roof should be made (so as not to leak), walls not blown through. So, as the breed does not tolerate dampness, and can catch pneumonia.
  • Free grazing is a must. To keep them in the stall is not recommended, otherwise they will be sick and will not be able to give offspring. You can graze in the field. You should not take them to the marshland, near the river or wind up in the forest. The reason is that the moisture from the river can spoil their digestion, an individual will easily get stuck in a swamp, and very tall grass grows on the meadows in the forest, which will be difficult for the animal to eat.
  • In hot, frosty or wet weather it is recommended to use artificial grazing. This is an area like an open-air cage where healthy herbs are planted and where there is a large canopy. Thanks to artificial grazing, an animal can breathe fresh air, but it does not get wet in the rain and does not “burn” its fur coat under the sun.

How to feed the Romanov sheep?

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Feeding Romanov sheep

Feeding troughs for food and water must be installed in the stalls. Their number is calculated in such a way that the sheep could eat everything together, not in batches.

In the summer, the breed predominantly feeds on what it grazes: moss, leaves, grass, useful (edible) flowers and cereals. In the stall they need to give straw and hay, brooms. In winter, they give silage, roots, hay, straw, twigs. Both in winter and in summer for lactating and pregnant females, as well as their young stock, concentrated feed is included in the diet. Of course, salt and minerals (bone meal, chalk), vitamin and nutritional supplements are introduced into the diet.

Hay is recommended to choose high-quality, not just grass, but useful crops: clover, wormwood, cereal legumes. Of the cereals should prefer barley, wheat bran, bean flour.

You can not give Romanov sheep breed: sedge, rush, reed, horsetails. Rough food can be harmful, so the straw is steamed before serving, and the grain is ground. Barley give caution, since the sheep on it quickly gaining weight.

Water is given from a well (purified) or flowing river, as the lake or from the pond is usually infected with parasites. An alternative may be water and a crane, but you need to understand that it is rather dirty and contains harmful chemicals. They drink sheep, as a rule, twice a day - in the morning and in the evening. It was at this time that they poured clean, new water. In rare cases (pregnancy, illness, hot day), a sheep can drink water throughout the day, but for this it is enough residues from the watering.

How to breed?

Breeding romanovskih sheep

Breed prolific - a large percentage of the appearance of two or three lambs. Females are ready to breed in 3.5-4 months, but it is recommended to reduce them not earlier than from 6 months. Before breeding the female and the male, these two individuals are transplanted to improved feeds for 2 months. Compound feed is necessarily added to a habitual diet (400 g per one individual).

Pregnancy lasts 145 days. Lambing usually does not cause difficulties. The weight of the cub depends on the number of newborns. If he is one - 3.7 kg, if two - 2.9 each, if three - 2.54, four - 2.32 kg.

In the period of lactation, the female of the Romanov breed of sheep gives up to 150 liters of excellent milk with a fat content of 7-8%. If the calf is not alone, additional feeding may be necessary. From 7 to 30 days newborns are vaccinated. From the seventh day, a combined feed begins to be introduced into the diet, and by 3-4 months the youngsters fight off the ewe.