Raspberries need care not only in spring or autumn. In the summer, when there is a lot of harvest on it, the ambient temperature is high, drought, it needs more than ever proper watering, top dressing. Raspberry care in the summer is not difficult, but mandatory. About his subtleties and will be discussed in the article.
How to water?
Watering is done as the soil dries. Abundant watering is necessary for raspberries at the beginning of summer, when the leaves bloom and develop, during dry periods and when the berries ripen. If the water is low, the berries will be sour or small.
Excessive watering while caring for raspberries in the summer is as harmful as insufficient. In this case, the berries will be watery, very soft and may begin to rot the root of the plant.
Experts recommend making a drip irrigation system. It is easier, easier and takes much less time. If necessary, the flow of water into the soil can be adjusted. For example, in rainy weather, the system is turned off, and in drought - more pressure is being made. The advantages of drip irrigation are that the water flows right under the root, and this allows you to save leaves and berries from burning out in the sun.
Watering is better in the evening when the heat subsides and right under the root, if the drip system is not adjusted. It is important to monitor the soil - it should not be dry or cracked.
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Caring for raspberries in summer, do not forget about dressing. The first is produced in the form of spraying. This should be done after the plant has flowered.
After the berries appeared on raspberries, it needs to be fed with ammonium nitrate and superphosphate. The first take 20 grams, the second - up to 40 grams per meter. These mineral fertilizers can be replaced by organic matter. The plant will support and feed the bird droppings solution. On 1 part of the litter take 15 parts of water. About half a bucket of mortar is needed per meter of row.
How to deal with diseases and pests?
Some diseases affect raspberries mainly in summer. If you deal with them correctly, then the problem will disappear in a short period of time.
- Rust appears as yellow and orange growths. Closer to the fall, if the disease is not eliminated, they will become dark. The plant grows very slowly, the leaves fall, there may be problems with yield. Treat just like spotting. Affected foliage and shoots are removed and cut down, and the rest of the plant is treated with copper sulfate solution.
- Root cancer slows down the development of the bush, leading to yellowing of the leaves. For treatment, you need to dig up a bush, remove the affected root areas (swollen), then treat the root with copper sulphate solution and plant it again.
- Other common summer diseases include Didimella raspberries, mosaic. It is necessary to fight them by removing the affected areas and processing chemicals.
Fight against diseases and pests
In the summer pests also bring great harm. Raspberries can prevail: aphid, raspberry beetle, stem fly, raspberry mite, spider mite, shoots raspberry gallits, raspberry bud moth, raspberry stem gallis.
They struggle with them by spraying with special complex substances even before the plant blooms. Well helps a solution of fufanon: 10 ml of product for 10 liters of water. 2 liters is enough for about 10 bushes. An alternative may be "Intivir". It is sold in tablets (1 tablet per 10 liters of water). For 10 bushes apply no more than 1.5 liters of funds.
In addition, it is necessary to remove damaged and damaged stems, leaves, berries or flowers - this is very important to prevent spread. Beetles are also harvested and burned or crushed so that they do not spill over raspberries.
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- Processing new shoots. Raspberries grow very quickly. New shoots can be seen in the spring. If sprouts appear in the summer, they should be transplanted to the right place or removed altogether. In the absence of control, a culture for a couple of years will grow so much that it will then be difficult to move between its rows.
However, summer shoots are not recommended to replant for further cultivation. This can be done, but the final raspberry will be painful and will not give the proper yield, so it is best to just remove it. For breeding is to take strong shoots that have appeared in the fall or spring.
- Weeding is done very carefully so as not to damage the roots. Only topsoil is loosened.
- Raspberry summer care includes timely weed cleaning. It should be uprooted and burned or simply carried outside the site. If you pull out a weed and put it on the ground next to it, it will either germinate again, or it will plant seeds that will fall into the soil, and again it will germinate.
- When dry branches or yellowed leaves appear, they should be removed so that they do not pull water and nutrients out of the plant. Enough once a week or two to pass between the rows and clean them.
- In some cases, when there is a lot of harvest, it is recommended to tie up the heaviest stalks during the ripening of the crop. This will simplify the task of the plant, keep the berries clean (they will not fall along with the branch) and integrity.