Livestock

Pig diseases

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Pigs in the garden are not uncommon, but only with proper care can you get from them high-quality meat and lard. In order for animals to be healthy, they should be regularly inspected, kept clean, as well as to carry out all sanitary measures, to be vaccinated against the most common diseases. The main diseases of pigs and their treatment will be described below in the article.

What are known non-communicable diseases?

Non-contagious diseases of pigs, usually occur due to poor-quality food, poor content.

Non swine swine diseases

  • Constipation may be due to poor feeding, overeating, or serious illness. In the first two cases, you need to adjust the diet, and improve the quality of food. The treatment of the disease is carried out with laxative drugs. It is important to give the pig a lot of water, as she will want to drink.
  • Bloating occurs as a result of the accumulation of gases due to excessive gas formation or violation of the process of their discharge. The reason for such violations may be poor-quality food or overeating. Expressed disease in the absence of appetite, anxiety, increased salivation, expansion of the body in the abdomen. For treatment, it is necessary to use drugs prescribed by a veterinarian, to massage the belly of an animal, to reduce the amount of food consumed.
  • Diarrhea occurs due to serious illness or poor diet. Treat it with complex measures. It is necessary to arrange comfortable conditions for the animal, to stop feeding, in order to completely clean the intestines, and then plant the pig on liquid porridge, mixed feed, but not more than half of the daily norm is given. Quickly cope with the problem will help a decoction of flax, oatmeal, rice. In advanced cases, medical treatment is necessary.

What are the most common infectious diseases?

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The class of infectious diseases include infectious diseases of pigs, which are quickly transmitted from one individual to another. If left untreated, all pigs can get sick and die in a short period of time. At the same time the meat of such animals can not be eaten.

Erysipelas pigs. External manifestations of the disease

  • Swine erysipelas happens different types. The mild form occurs as a skin rash, acute manifested in the form of fever up to +42 degrees, inflammation of the mucous membranes, constipation, weakness, and chronic - in skin diseases, weight loss, diseases of the cardiovascular system. The causative agent of the disease is a wand, which dies at high temperatures, but is able to withstand very low ones. It is treated with a special course of antibiotics and serums.
  • Classical Plague pigs are transported through water, feed, bedding, manure, meat. The causative agent is the Pestivirus virus, which concentrates in the blood, internal organs, or urine of an animal, so the spread of the disease is very rapid. The disease manifests itself in fever up to 42 degrees, coughing and vomiting, constipation, diarrhea, sudden weight loss. The treatment is not carried out, the sick animal is killed and burned. To avoid the disease can only be a method of timely vaccination.
  • Pasteurellosis occurs when infected with pasteurella bacterium. Symptoms: hemorrhage on the skin, weakness, lethargy, diarrhea with blood, fever, cardiovascular diseases. The disease manifests itself sharply, passes quickly and, as a rule, leads to the death of the animal.

All these diseases can be prevented by planned immunization. Therefore, it is recommended not to delay the veterinarian’s call and be vaccinated regularly, and young piglets should be born for vaccination from birth.

What parasites can be a threat?

Parasites, like infectious diseases of pigs, can kill an animal if not treated. But with timely treatment and prevention, the animal quickly recovers.

The effectiveness of drugs in parasitic diseases of pigs

  • Ascariasis occurs when the ascaris parasite settles in the small intestine of the animal. The biggest problem is that from one individual through the faeces, which can get into the water and food, the whole pigsty can get infected. Symptoms of the disease: reduced animal development, difficulty breathing, fever. Treat with the help of tablets and special remedies for worms.
  • Trichinosis - The disease, the causative agent of which is the parasite Trichinella. It lives in the intestines and muscle tissue of the animal and can be transferred along with the feed to other individuals. The manifestation of the disease is weakness, refusal to move, swelling in the head, vomiting, diarrhea, disturbances in the work of the heart. Treat planned vaccination, which creates immunity to the disease for several years to come.
  • Cysticercosis caused by helminth tape type cysticercus. Any infected animals spread the disease through their own feces, and infection occurs through dirty water and food, where there are parasite eggs. There are no symptoms of the disease per se, so the animal simply dies slowly. Treatment, as well as vaccination, tablets for this disease has not yet been invented. Prevention is carried out in the form of control of animal nutritional conditions.
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