Proper feeding of geese allows the breeder to earn a lot from them. They rush well, have a lot of tasty meat, and they rarely get sick, which means that you need to spend less on medicines and veterinarians. But how to ensure proper nutrition of the bird? What to feed the geese at home in winter and summer, which foods should be eliminated or limited in the diet will be described later in the article.
What and how to feed the geese
There are three ways of feeding geese, each of which includes feed, coarse feed, green grass, vegetables. Depending on where and how the bird is kept, you can choose dry, wet and combined feeding. For home breeding usually used combined and wet feeding.
For home breeding usually used combined and wet feeding.
So, how to feed the geese at home? In the diet of domestic geese need to include:
- feed (feed basis);
- greens (geese eat on the run);
- root vegetables (rutabaga, potatoes, beets) along with tops;
- pumpkin, cabbage;
- reverse serum;
- fish waste.
These or other products are not given daily, but regularly, such as pumpkin and cabbage, root vegetables are given in small quantities.
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In summer the main part of the diet is green food. The geese on the hill sting nettle, dandelions, sorrel, plantain, yarrow, legumes, clover, alfalfa, cereals. In the pond they can catch duckweed, reeds, cattails, chastuhu. Due to the fact that the bird for the most part eats on grazing, the breeder can very well save on feed, but it is impossible to completely ignore the feeding, especially if the bird is being fed for meat.
The daily rate of green fodder in summer is about 2 kg. Geese prefer fresh grass, so it should be regularly mowed so that the green does not grow too fast.
In summer the main part of the diet is green fodder.
But what do you need in addition to greenery a bird, and what to feed the geese in the house? Feeding outside grazing is reduced to 2 times per day. In the morning and in the evening in the poultry house you can give goose feed, coarse (hay, branches) and juicy food (vegetables, roots). Since the feed is expensive, it is often simply replaced with cereal crops with the addition of vitamin and mineral complexes. Geese prefer oats, wheat, corn (chopped), rye, barley. Dry and wet food usually interfere or give together, but in different troughs.
Gravel, a crushed shell, sand are poured into a separate container, so that geese can clean their stomachs. Table salt is added to the grain in a small amount. In a separate, deep trough should be clean water.
On average, geese per day should be given:
- 2 kg of greens;
- 700 grams of grain and legumes;
- 500 grams of potatoes;
- 250 g carrots and beets;
- 300 g rot or hay flour;
- 100 g of silage;
- 25 grams of minerals (salt, shell).
What to feed geese in winter
In winter, geese are rarely kept, as it is expensive in terms of feeding, but if the farm is large, then winter maintenance will be able to fully pay for itself. In winter, geese are fed 3 times a day. But how to feed the geese at home in the winter?
Winter geese are fed 3 times a day.
If the winter is snowless, you can release geese for grazing. Of course, they will not find an abundance of greenery, but they will be able to find some remnants of grass, duckweed along the banks of the river. For them, this is a source of additional vitamins, and for the breeder all the same savings.
The basis of the diet are cereals (barley, oats, ground corn, millet, wheat bran). Peas are fed only cooked, as it is very hard and large - the bird can choke. Herbs are not to be found at this time, but there is grass waste - sluggish dried greens from the site that may remain after certain crops, potato peelings, fresh, chopped carrots and beets are added to the mash.
Silo is the favorite food of any poultry in winter. It contains a lot of nutrients, and it almost completely (in composition) replaces the geese with green food.
It is highly recommended to include in the diet of pine needles and spruce. It contains a lot of vitamin C, it improves appetite, increases egg production, the quality of eggs, promotes the growth of geese, increase their vitality, strength, and immunity. But the needles can not be given just like that. To start the branches you need to dry in a warm room, and then collect the needles and twist in a meat grinder.
Sometimes birds give a lot of hay, but more often breeders use hay dust and hay flour, which is steamed and added to wet mash. You can also add in the mash meal and cake. Well, the last addition - yeast. Before feeding the geese with grain, it should be soaked in a yeast solution.
The following is the approximate daily ration per goose:
- 250 g beets and carrots;
- 175 grams of cereals (barley, wheat bran, crushed corn);
- 85 g boiled potatoes;
- 60 grams of dried bread;
- 50 g herbal flour;
- 30 g beans or peas;
- 20 g coniferous flour;
- 10 g of chalk;
- 5 g yeast;
- 5 g cottage cheese, eggs;
- 1.5 g of salt.
In small quantities, sprouted grains, cabbage, hay dust can be added to this diet.
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Even knowing how to feed the geese at home, breeders are often lost in the question than to feed the goslings. But after all, it is at an early age that the bird’s immune system forms, its stomach begins to gradually get used to this or that food, therefore, it is necessary to feed the goslings from birth correctly.
- Goslings from birth to 17 days. The first 3-4 days you need to give the yolk. It is boiled hard boiled, mixed with boiled water and given to goslings. The first day the yolk is given in pure form with water, but by the second it is necessary to gradually add chopped onion feathers to it. From 6-7 days they begin to include chopped, fresh alfalfa and nettles in the diet. From a week old, wheat and corn porridge are introduced, but it should be no more than 15% of the feed, and boiled potatoes should not be harmed. From day 12 you can enter raw vegetables, but well chopped.
It is at an early age that the bird's immune system is formed.
- Goslings from 17 days to 4 weeks. At this age, goslings are already completely independent. Some breeders simply drive them out to pasture, and they look for greenery there. But you can gradually take the bird on the run. It is produced together with adult individuals, and in the morning and in the evening at home they feed up crushed and steamed grain. However, it is important that the cereals make up no more than 20% of the daily feed for poultry. In the same period, you need to start to enter into the diet more carrots, beets, pumpkins, potatoes, in order to saturate the body with goslings of vitamins A, B.
- Goslings 4-8 weeks. Starting from the 4th week, geese start to gain weight and therefore they need to be given all the necessary substances for this. What to feed the young goslings to gain weight quickly? For starters, high-calorie feed - feed. That it has everything you need for a bird at this age. If the breeder decided to feed the bird with grain, it is worth buying the kernels, they are expensive, but very nutritious - the geese grow on them quickly and gain muscle mass. It is important to note that at this age geese should be fed like adults. Their diet should be shell, chalk, minerals, bone, grass meal, silage and other products.
What can not feed the geese
Some products of geese of all breeds are not recommended to eat. They can lead to indigestion, deterioration of productivity and even death of geese. So, what can not feed the geese?
What can not feed the geese
- Of geese, it can be dangerous to consume sedge, cuff and goose foot. As a rule, geese avoid these herbs, but if they are poorly fed or there is no other grass in the pasture, they can begin to eat them.
- Freshly harvested rye can cause illness. They give it only after 3 months, when it is reclined.
- Potatoes on which sprouts and green root crops were formed cannot be given to the bird. Such a vegetable contains solanine, which can kill a goose.
- Although dry fodder is good for the bird, only it’s impossible to feed the geese, as it can lead to intestinal blockage.