Who does not like strawberries? This is the first berry of the year, pleasing with its beautiful fresh taste and aroma. Her close relative - strawberry is also in great demand, although it is not often possible to meet her in the market. It is believed that a person who has found a strawberry in the forest will be lucky in the near future. Zemklunik The merchant is a cross between strawberries and wild strawberries. It combines the best qualities of both types, what pleases gardeners and all those who eat it.
The history of the appearance of the variety
Strawberry "Zemklunik merchant"
Earthman - This is a mixture of strawberries and strawberries. Zemklunik Kuchikha was bred in the 1980s by Russian breeders who sought a unique hybrid with qualities of both species, which they succeeded. To obtain a new species, it was decided to cross garden, large-fruited strawberries and European strawberries. The hard work of scientists has led to the emergence of a new hybrid. The merchant has winter hardiness and strawberry flavor, as well as the flavor and aroma of strawberries.
Interesting! In Russia, garden strawberries began to be actively grown only from the end of the XVIII century.
Description of the variety of the landowner KupchikhaRead also these articles.
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Bush veterans of the merchants
Merchant refers to a medium-sized hybrid species. Its first harvest can be tasted at the end of June or the beginning of July, and when grown in greenhouses a fortnight earlier. Productivity depends on the age of the bush. The greatest yields are given by a bush of 2-4 years old; up to 2 kg of berries can be removed from it during a season! But of course with good care. But the younger and older bushes produce a smaller crop - 0.3-1.5 kg.
Bushes Kupchikhi can hardly be called compact. The branches themselves with leaves are, not lying, but there are a lot of them. And during flowering, flower stalks are also added, so that one bush sometimes takes up a section of 20x20 cm or more. Flowers in this species are white, large or medium in size. Up to 35 inflorescences can simultaneously appear on each bush, which amazes even experienced gardeners with extensive experience in growing strawberries and strawberries!
It is important! One bush of the dredgers of the Kupchikha can give birth for 6 years, then it needs to be replaced. Such a long period of fruiting allows you to quickly expand the area with the culture or sell seedlings!
Zemklunik gives the average size berries weighing 20-25 grams. But there are also giants up to 80 g. They are dark red, sometimes with a violet shade, shiny, covered with seeds. The berries are very interesting, elongated (3-6 cm) and can be of various forms. When looking at the strawberry you can see the shape of an animal, a strange flower or some kind of figure. Because of this, Strawberry Kupchikh really likes children, eating it, the kids develop their imagination.
How to plant landowners dowager?
Landslide of the merchants
Strawberries are very fond of the sun, like strawberries. Zemklunik has exactly the same needs, so the place for planting a culture is chosen sunny, well lit from all sides. The soil should be fertile, but even if it is of poor quality, good fertilizer can be used - this will correct the situation. Planting method can be used any convenient, but most importantly, the seedlings were of good quality, not sluggish, otherwise it will take a long time to take root.
Important! The smaller the sun will fall on the garden bed with Kupchikha, the smaller the bushes will give the berries, and the longer they will ripen.
Zemklunik The merchant is growing in a powerful bush. Most of the leaves are directed upwards, but the flower stalks and side leaves usually fall, so you need to plant sprouts at a sufficient distance so that they do not interfere with each other. This is about 30-40 cm. If the bushes are planted to receive antennae, rather than berries, then it is advisable to plant them 40-45 cm. Between the rows, 70-100 cm of free space is always left for ease of movement.
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Caring for the landowner merchant
Gardeners believe that the landowner Kupchikha, one of the most unpretentious hybrids in the care.
- If we consider the care of this hybrid as a whole, then most of all it needs watering. It is carried out regularly, abundantly, but not very often, because too much moisture can reduce the quality characteristics of the berries, and the roots will begin to rot.
- The strawberry Kupchikha has a strong immunity to many diseases. This is due to the strawberry genes in its DNA. But sometimes it is affected by ticks and other pests, therefore, treatment from dangerous insects should be carried out 1-2 times a year, if it is prophylactic.
- After the last harvest, all the old, dry leaves are removed, but this is not a mandatory rule. Sometimes they are not cleaned, and they serve as a kind of shelter for the roots of the earthlives in the winter. At the same time you can fertilize the bushes. But do not delay with this event. From the time of fertilization (compost and ash) to the first frost, it should take at least 2 weeks!
- Winter hardiness is excellent. Bushes withstand temperatures down to -24 degrees. If the winters are snowy in the region, it does not need to be warmed with agrofibre or organic mulch. Snow will be the perfect warming blanket until spring warming. No need to warm it in the southern regions, where the temperature in winter rarely falls below -15 degrees Celsius.
Harvesting and processing
The harvest of the landowners of the merchants
Kupchiyu gather as the berries ripen. As a rule, this occurs in several stages, starting from the end of June. After harvesting, the berries can be stored, but not for a long time, so you shouldn’t delay with their processing or collection. Transportability Strawberry The monger is good, it can be transported both over long and short distances, while it retains its marketable qualities.
Interesting! If the gardener needs to get a lot of harvest, from the bushes you need to remove all antennae, as they appear. And if young shoots are needed, on the contrary, flower stalks are cut.
The berries of earthlings are distinguished by a very pleasant taste. This is something between strawberries and strawberries. When biting, it seems that you eat strawberries, the structure is dense, sweet, juicy, but then a unique strawberry flavor begins to manifest itself. The aroma of strawberry berries, very bright, pleasant.
Such a unique taste and aroma makes the brand indispensable for sale for fresh consumption. But since this variety usually yields a great harvest, they also make excellent jam, compotes, and jams. If the crop is too much, you can berries and freeze.
Reviews of the landlord Kupchikha
Fragrant landscale merchant
The landowner Kupchikha has a large number of positive qualities and this is noted by the gardeners, who have already tested it on their site.
Karina Tikhonova: "For the first time I tried the saplings of the Muddy and they were still under the impression. They quickly settled down, grew and now I just cut off all the antennae, because there is no place to replant them anymore! the children are delighted. "
Artem Guriev: "I heard a lot about Zemtrichnik Kopchikha, and since I’ve been breeding strawberries for the first year, I decided to try something new. The seedlings were small, so I planted not very far from each other, but after a year I had to sit down - they literally grew together gives berries without interruption, amicably in several stages, what is needed for sale. The berries are beautiful, everyone likes the market, especially as the strawberry flavor ".
Irina Zlaka: “The Landlord's cultivator has been growing for the second year already. There were a lot of berries in the first, but there was no taste, the neighbors suggested fertilizing the land, supposedly“ empty ”was. I listened, introduced ash and humus, the next year there were no less berries, but taste sweet, juicy, that was what she hoped for. So now they will be fertilized annually! "