Thanks to incubators it is possible to breed chickens in large quantities. Although in small farms, on small farms breeders try to breed the birds in a natural way, through hens hens. But for the hen hen (Quad) to hatch eggs and give healthy offspring, it must be properly cared for and provided with good nutrition. This article describes how to choose a good hen, which breeds are considered the best for this job, and also describes the care and nutrition needed for quiver eggs incubating eggs.
Quiver egg hatching
Not all chickens are suitable for hatching eggs. In order for chicks to be hatched successfully, you need to be able to choose a hen for this difficult job. So, how does the hen's maternal instinct manifest?
Quilting, frequent and prolonged, suggests that the female is ready to hatch eggs.
Such a bird will be in the nest for a long time.
Mouths in the readiness period for maternity almost completely cease to be carried.
Finally, the last and most important thing is that the chicken will pluck feathers on the belly and put them into the nest so that it is softer. If it is noticed that the female behaves this way, you can safely put her on the clutch. But before it is worth checking whether it is healthy, as a sick bird is not suitable for this.
Important! It is in the spring period that chickens often display maternal instinct.
If the chickens do not show a desire to sit on eggs, you can try to stimulate their incubation instinct. To begin with, a chicken is selected that has a hatching experience. A cozy nest is being prepared for it and dummy eggs are put into it. The female is planted and waiting for her reaction. If it does not rise within a few hours, you can gradually replace the dummies with real eggs.
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A chicken sits on eggs only if proper conditions are created for this.
Homemade hen chicken with chickens
The nest is set in the quietest place in the hen house. You can choose a warm corner, where no one will interfere with the future mom.
Nests are covered with straw and down so that it is not only cozy and warm, but also soft. If this does not make the eggs can be beaten.
If several chickens are planted on the eggs at once, then the nests are placed at a great distance from each other so that the females do not frighten their neighbors and certainly do not quarrel (and this is quite possible).
For greater comfort and protection from the bustle of the hen house, the nest can be equipped with a curtain. Then the female will be in complete solitude and no one will interfere with it.
How many days does the chicken incubate eggs?
It takes about 21 days for the chicken to sit on the hen's eggs. At this point, it is worth starting to look closely at the nest and the eggs, although the first chicks can be expected already on day 19. So everything is relative. The last birds are born on days 23-24. This is quite normal and in the future they develop as well as those born on time.
When the hen's hen gets out of the laying, it is necessary to cover the eggs with warm material.
When the chicks begin to hatch, there is a risk that the hen will leave the place to take care of the young. But if not all the chickens hatched at once, the remaining ones may die. To prevent this, youngsters are taken as soon as they hatch. And only when the last baby is born, it is necessary to return the chicks of the mother, so that she cares for them.
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In order for the hen to feel good while hatching eggs and not to get sick (it still spends a lot of energy on this process), it is necessary to take care of it.
On the photo is chicken hen
Before sitting down the chicken they disinfect the nest. Not only diseases, but also insects can cause damage. So the place should be completely safe.
A bowl of sand is placed next to the nest so that the chicken can sometimes stand, knead and clean its wings and feathers.
It is necessary to minimize stress factors (noise, unusual sounds, guests, like cats and dogs in the hen house). The chick of a hen is much more sensitive than a normal chicken, so it is easily frightened. And if she gets very scared, she can even throw the clutch and never return.
Important! You can not pour the grain in the nest with eggs, which is sitting on a chicken. This may prevent her from hatching them. It is better to carry the female to the bowl. It is a little safer!
When the hen's hen gets out of the laying, it is necessary to cover the eggs with warm material or at least with a towel so that they cool down more slowly. And if she does not seek to return, then she is found and seated back. In some cases, chickens are specially covered on top of baskets so they could not get up. This is certainly not quite humane (to force the bird), but it allows you to save the whole brood, and physically the chicken will not be worse off. It is not recommended to be absent for more than 20 minutes - the eggs will cool down and the embryos will die.
In the hen house and in the nests during the incubation of eggs, it should be as clean as possible, because one way or another it is impossible to exclude the contact of quail-hens with other females that can get sick or just be dirty.
The room should be warm all the time, even at night (not below +15 degrees). Humidity is maintained at an average level.
As long as the chicken is absent, you can change down and straw in the nest if you can see that they have become dirty.
Eggs from time to time can be viewed or listened to. Spoiled testicles are usually harvested, although many breeds of chickens themselves detect such eggs and throw them out of the nest.
Eating hen chicken
Unlike chickens that move freely around the hen house, walking and are not busy taking care of the young, the hen's chicken loses a lot of nutrients on a daily basis and should therefore replenish them. And since it is restricted in movement, it is necessary for it to provide a full ration in the feeder.
Products during the incubation of eggs are given only quality, not spoiled. There should be more cereals that contain a lot of fat and protein.
Feed the female no less than 2 times a day. Although in the first 2 days it is not advisable to touch it. If he does not want to eat and does not rise from the wall, then let him sit, otherwise he may even leave.
Water, like food, must always be fresh. It is changed at least 2 times a day.
Important! The amount of feed being fed to the hen should cover its needs. If the female is not full, food is added!
In the diet injected more vitamins and minerals. In a separate bowl, you need to chop up the greens that chickens love, and you can give insects.
If during 2 days the chicken does not get up from the clutch to eat, it is carefully removed and placed in a bowl with food, and then brought to the water. In total, she may be absent on eggs for no more than 20 minutes, so that after she has eaten, she is put into place. If in the following days the female does not get up all the time, it is necessary to continue to shoot her, feed, water and plant back, otherwise she will simply die of hunger!
The best breeds of chicks
Modern breeds and crosses of chickens can be very different from their old ancestors. Females of far from each breed retained maternal instinct. So if you want to use in the household a natural method of breeding chickens, then you must first find out what breeds are capable of it. Below are the best breeds of hens that not only can, but also love to hatch eggs, and raise young animals.
Laying hens on the farmstead
Brama - breed of meat direction. These are big beautiful birds with pronounced maternal instinct. Females may also hatch eggs of other breeds. However, due to the weight of the females, quite often the eggs choke under any clumsy movement.
Kuchinsky anniversary - A well-known breed, which is most often selected for the purpose of domestic breeding. It is a productive, meat-like species that endures cold winters without any problems. The bird itself is very beautiful. Up to 200 eggs per female per year. Survival rate of chicks 95%.
Welzumer happens to be dwarf or ordinary. Their main quality, thanks to which they received wide popularity all over the world - the maternal instinct. Even if they are not planted on eggs specifically, they can lay themselves in some corner and hatch eggs there. And then the breeder is surprised at the appearance of the brood. In addition to hatching, they are also happy to care for their offspring, so that as mothers these birds are the best.
Kolkhin - very beautiful chicken meat. If you need to get a healthy young meat in the meat direction, then this is ideal. Such a bird is not only productive, it will easily decorate even an inconspicuous yard. The females have a strong maternal instinct. They zealously protect the nest, their offspring, and know how to raise young. Their main disadvantage is that eggs are often not fertilized.
But this is only the best breed. There are also many other species that can sit on eggs and look after chickens. These include Poltava, Black Bearded Chickens, Ukrainian earflaps, Wyandot, etc. So the choice is rather big. And after the breed is selected for maintenance, it is necessary to provide the females in the hen-cooper with the best conditions and then there will be no exact breeding problems.