Beekeeping

Propolis and its medicinal properties

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Among the products obtained in the process of vital activity of bees, propolis is particularly prominent. This is a unique substance that is not inferior to honey by its healing action. In cosmetology and medicine it is an indispensable and valuable tool, but in order for it to be beneficial, it is necessary to know why and how it is used.

What is Propolis

In the period from spring to summer, bees make propolis for protection from diseases. They collect tar from poplar, aspen, willow, birch and similar trees and other plants. The resulting adhesive substance is processed through the secretion of glands in the upper jaws. So propolis turns out. When it is done, the bees use it to treat surfaces in the hive, holes, reduce the entrance year and for other purposes. Propolis literally walling up harmful bacteria and dangerous insects in the walls and crevices of the hive.

Propolis protects the hive from dangerous microorganisms and pests

Interesting! Propolis not only protects the hive from dangerous microorganisms and pests, but also protects it from moisture.

To work on the collection of honey did not get off the manufacture of propolis, in the family of bees this process involves about 20 bees. They fly in search of tar substances, process them, and use them in the hive. The rest of the bees do other things. During the season, bees make about 200-400 g of propolis.

To get propolis from the hive, beekeepers use simple chisels. They scrape it off the surfaces. The color of the substance depends on the cultures from which the resins were collected. Usually it is brown, black, gray or brown, a green tint is possible.

The composition of propolis

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The composition of propolis is always approximately the same, but, depending on which plants the tar was taken from, the number of different compounds may differ. Propolis consists of:

The composition of propolis

  • vegetable gums;
  • essential oils;
  • balms;
  • pollen;
  • wax;
  • vitamins (groups H, P, E, B);
  • macronutrients (sodium, chlorine, calcium, iron, phosphorus, sulfur, magnesium);
  • trace elements (zirconium, titanium, mercury, strontium, manganese, fluorine, aluminum, antimony, selenium, copper, vanadium, strontium, silicon);
  • tannins;
  • organic acids (coffee, benzoic, ferulic).
Interesting! At low temperatures, propolis hardens and crumbles, and at high temperatures it softens and becomes viscous.

Depending on the amount of wax, propolis can be very thick or soft, and the amount of essential oils in the composition affects the taste and aroma.

Medicinal properties

Propolis is not just so much appreciated. It brings great benefits not only to bees, but also to a person if you know how to use it. This substance has analgesic properties, reduces inflammation, kills pathogenic microorganisms, bacteria, inhibits the development of cancer cells.

Scientists have not yet found a single harmful microorganism that could adapt to propolis

Once in the body propolis alkalizes the environment. Due to this, the development and reproduction of viruses, bacteria, fungi stops. Scientists equate propolis with a strong antibiotic, but it does not cause intoxication, as a medical drug. If medical antibiotics kill the entire microflora, which is also useful, then propolis is extremely harmful.

Often it is prescribed to reduce cholesterol and remove toxins from the body. With prophylactic administration, it activates the immune system, the body's defenses, stimulates metabolic processes. In addition, this substance has a positive effect on the work of the nervous system, therefore, for various failures in its work, nerves, anxiety, doctors prescribe various drugs based on propolis.

Interesting! Scientists still have not found a single harmful microorganism that could adapt to propolis.

In cosmetology, propolis is used to make masks, balms, and other cosmetic products. Its main quality for the skin is rejuvenation and accelerated tissue regeneration.

The use of propolis in traditional medicine

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Most often propolis is used in traditional medicine, however, traditional medicine also sees it as a benefit, so doctors often prescribe it to patients. In addition, many medical products have been developed using it or even based on it. In which cases can propolis help?

Propolis cures many diseases, if used correctly. Listed below are the ailments against which this substance has been used since ancient times.

Propolis cures many diseases if used correctly

  • Digestive system (ulcer, gastritis, pancreatitis, gastroduodenitis, intestinal inflammation);
  • Respiratory system (sore throat, bronchitis, bronchial asthma, cough, tuberculosis, pharyngitis, polyps, sinusitis);
  • Vision (conjunctivitis, inflammation of the optic nerve, blurred vision);
  • Female diseases (hormonal disruptions, menopause, fibroids, erosion, mastopathy, endometriosis, sterility, adnexitis);
  • Male diseases (infectious diseases, prostate adenoma, infertility, prostatitis);
  • Musculoskeletal system (osteochondrosis, arthritis, sciatica, arthrosis);
  • Skin (boils, burns, eczema, wounds, lichen, boils, varicose veins, cracks, fungus, corns, acne, eczema, etc.)

Also, propolis is used as an additional or basic agent in the treatment of:

  • diabetes;
  • hemorrhoids;
  • diseases of the oral cavity;
  • brain diseases;
  • blood diseases;
  • diseases of the organs of hearing.

Contraindications and harm to the product

The positive properties of propolis are irrefutable, but in some cases it can harm.

  1. You can not take it in case of serious pathologies of the kidneys, liver or biliary ducts.
  2. With individual intolerance of the product, it will not bring benefit. So before you take propolis in large doses, you need to check the body's reaction to it.
  3. This substance can cause allergies due to pollen and essential oils in the composition, so it is contraindicated for allergy sufferers.

It must be remembered that a positive effect is noted when applied in strict dosage, in small quantities. Overdose causes itching, burning, weakness and headache.

Most often for the treatment of ailments propolis tincture is made on alcohol

Propolis tincture on alcohol

Most often for the treatment of ailments propolis tincture is made on alcohol. To make such a tincture you need to take propolis (you can buy it in a store) and freeze 20 g. When it freezes to the point that it starts to crumble, it is rubbed on a grater to make small pieces. Now you need to add 200 ml of alcohol (70%) and stirring, heat on a water bath until the propolis is completely dissolved. Upon completion, the mixture is filtered and cooled.

Important! Healing tinctures based on propolis can be made at home or purchased at a pharmacy. They are made from real propolis and 8-10% ethanol, which is mixed in advance with water.

Store the tincture should be in a glass bottle or jar, tightly closed lid, in a dark room. Acceptance of tinctures may vary depending on the type of disease. From it you can make ointments, rubbing, lotions, gargle. How to take the tincture is usually told by the doctor, he also indicates the dosage.

For treatment of the heart, blood vessels, lungs, bronchi, nervous system, stomach, intestines, joints, tincture is taken orally, but you need to dilute it with milk, tea or water. A glass of water is taken only 80 drops of tincture.

Treatment always begins with checking the response of the body. A small amount of softened propolis or tincture is simply applied to the skin at the crook of the elbow or on the wrist. If after 15 minutes there is no redness, itching and similar reactions, then you can try to take it inside. Begin with 1 drop, gradually increasing the dose. If allergies occur, propolis treatment immediately stops!

If alcohol is prohibited to take, you can make a tincture of propolis in water

Propolis tincture on water

If it is forbidden to take alcohol, you can make a tincture of propolis in water. 20 g of propolis are frozen and crushed, so you need to add water. For 1 part of propolis you need to take 2 parts of water. On a water bath, the mixture is heated to 80 degrees. It must be constantly interfered, so as not to burn. After the infusion is prepared, it is left to cool for 8 hours in a dark place. It remains only to strain the liquid and pour it into the banks.

Important! If the infusion on alcohol can be stored for up to 2 years, then the infusion on water is used for a maximum of 2 weeks. Then it becomes unusable!

This infusion is often prescribed to children and pregnant women for the treatment of various ailments. But how to take it, the dosage is always important to discuss with your doctor!

How else can propolis be used

If there is no time to make the tincture, but I want to get a healing effect, propolis is simply chewed in kind. Everything is millet - a piece of propolis is put in the mouth and chewed like gum. You can not swallow it whole! It contains wax, from which the body has no benefit. So when the propolis becomes tasteless, the remnants just spit out.

Another option is a propolis based ointment.

Another option is an ointment based on propolis. To do this, 10 g of substance interfere with 10 g of honey and 15 g of vaseline. The resulting mixture is heated in a water bath until all components are dissolved and mixed. When the mixture has cooled, it is stored in the refrigerator. You can make and healing oil. 10 g of propolis interfere with 100 ml of olive oil. When sinusitis, rheumatism, treatment of frostbite, burns, inflammation, acne and other similar problems, the ointment is used in the form of lotions, and the oil just pounded the problem area.

Propolis Reviews

Propolis has helped many people to cure a variety of diseases and improve their health, here are some user reviews about this unique drug.

  • Marina Lagunova: “A few years ago I tried propolis for a sore throat. I was fed up with medicines - the price is high, I don’t have enough. I made tincture of propolis with alcohol and drank in small quantities at home. I recovered quickly, and since then I have been treating myself. but also from skin diseases. "
  • Dmitry Martsev: “Last year, when my son fell ill with sinusitis, he wasn’t treated. As a result, mother advised propolis. Water infusion and lotions were used. The treatment lasted 2 weeks, although the result was noticeable after a week. Since then, there were no problems. Propolis really works wonders and can replace many medicines! "
  • Olga Tokar: “About 3 years ago, a constant cough and a runny nose appeared. The doctors, even though I was regularly treated with various drugs, threw up my hands. I went through a lot of examinations, but I don’t have any sense. I suffered 2 months, then my friend advised me to make propolis tincture. I took it 2 times a day, spreading a teaspoon in a glass of water, cough went through a week, a runny nose - 3 days. Now I use propolis for any such ailments, and for general health once a year I chew 1 small ball each time policy in the night. "

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